World Map Of Conflict

2022
  • Less than 25 deaths
  • Minor Armed Conflict: 25 - 1000 deaths
  • War: 1000 - 5000 deaths
  • Large-Scale War: 5000 and over
2022

World Conflict Map

Exploring Global Tensions

Navigating global conflicts can often feel like a daunting task. The complexities, opposing views, intricate details, and vast arrays of data can seem overwhelming. But here is a tool that simplifies this process – The World Conflict Map. By offering a clear representation of conflict intensity within countries, this user-friendly resource revolutionizes the way we understand and explore global conflicts.

A Trustworthy Source

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program Connection

World Conflict Map - Uppsala Data Conflict ProgramThe World Map of Conflict’s trustworthiness is unparalleled as it leverages the latest data from the world’s most respected conflict data source, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP). But it doesn’t stop there. While UCDP offers invaluable raw data, the World Map of Conflict transforms this into a captivating visual narrative. Enhanced with documentary films, found footage, debate programs, and interviews, it creates a nuanced, comprehensive view of global tensions. Whether you’re a student, educator, researcher, policy maker, journalist, or just someone eager to deepen their understanding of geopolitics, this interactive World Conflict map becomes an indispensable resource.

1
Battle related deaths
1
Deliberate civilian deaths
1
Non State Deaths

In 2022, fatalities from organized violence increased by a staggering 97%, compared to the previous year, from 120,000 in 2021 to 237,000 in 2022, making 2022 the deadliest since the Rwandan genocide in 1994. The increase was driven by two, particularly deadly, state-based armed conflicts: the Russia-Ukraine war, and the war in Ethiopia against TPLF (Tigray People’s Liberation Front). With more than 81,500 and 101,000 fatalities respectively, these are the two most deadly state-based conflict-years recorded in the post-1989 period. 

Conflict Map - Russian invasion of UkraineThe Russian invasion of Ukraine is the first large-scale interstate war in 20 years, and the first interstate armed conflict since World War II where a major power in the international system seeks both territorial gains for itself and the subjugation of another state through regime change. Although US intelligence had repeatedly warned of the Russian intention to invade Ukraine, the European Union was taken by complete surprise when it happened on February 24, 2022 (Watch in-depth interview former war correspondent Wierd Duk).

We have witnessed an emerging trend of increased conflict between states in the last decade, including cases where major powers support opposite sides in internationalized intrastate conflict. UCDP recorded 55 active state-based armed conflicts in 2022, an increase by one compared to the previous year. Eight of these conflicts reached the level of war, and 22 of them were internationalized, meaning that one or both parties received troop support from an external state. 

While the fatalities caused by non-state conflict decreased somewhat when compared to 2021, the number of non-state conflicts, as well as both the number of civilians killed in one-sided violence and the number of actors carrying out such violence, increased in 2022.

Today, we find ourselves in an era of unparalleled global interconnectivity. Advances in communication, the internet, and transportation have erased geographical boundaries, connecting even the remotest corners of the earth in a day’s journey. Yet, this closeness has not brought universal harmony. Instead, humanity appears as divided now as it has ever been.

First Kill poster
Take a deep dive into the psyche of war

Most will agree that we live in dangerous times. Some historians draw parallels with the uneasy atmosphere of the Weimar Republic leading up to World War II. International tensions are on the rise, geopolitical dynamics shift continuously, and political instability is palpable. The emergence of artificial intelligence further threatens to increase the gap between the rich and poor. With the added risks of nuclear warfare and an impending ecological crisis, it’s evident that the responsibility of navigating these challenges doesn’t solely lie with our leaders. The responsibility is a collective one, shared by all of us.

The World Map of Conflict is designed to guide us through these turbulent times. Grasping the facts and backgrounds of conflicts, as well as understanding the rationale and emotions driving them, is essential in our pursuit of a safer world. Throughout history, cultures and nations have often clashed with devastating intensity, leading to unspeakable acts of brutality, including genocide. In just the past 150 years, hundreds of millions have tragically perished due to wars and conflicts, resulting in the redrawing of maps and the relocation of entire populations. Such profound traumas leave behind a legacy of pain and grievance, potentially clouding our collective vision for the future.

Yet, in an era pressured by threats of nuclear conflict and dominated by ecological decline, bridging our differences becomes paramount. It is imperative now, more than ever, to foster understanding, acknowledge past harms, and embrace diverse perspectives. The World Map of Conflict serves as an invaluable resource in improving our understanding, propelling us toward a brighter and more secure future for all.

By color-coding the conflict intensity per country for a given year, the World Map Of Conflict aims to visualize a country’s geopolitical positioning. When a country is involved in violent conflict, it reveals several aspects about the state of that nation and the global context in which it operates.

  • -It signal serious underlying tensions or conflicts over resources, ideologies, territories, or power dynamics.
  • -War reflects a failure in diplomacy or peaceful negotiation between parties.
  • -It  indicates the socio-political climate within the country, which may include nationalism, racism, fundamentalism, militarism, or domestic unrest due to inequality, injustice, or lack of freedom.
  • -the way a country conducts itself in war reveals something about its leadership, governance, military capabilities, and the values it holds. War has profound human, economic, environmental, and political consequences, and its occurrence often prompts international concern and response.

The color-coded visualizations in the World Map Of Conflict offer an immediate insight into a country’s political mindset and priorities. By clicking on a country, the raw facts of the conflict are revealed, opening a window to explore the country’s mindset and the narratives at play. This exploration can be facilitated through the use of UCDP analysis, documentary films, debates, interviews, and other related materials.

The World Conflict Map offers unrivaled conflict analysis. The primary goal of the map is to make conflict data more accessible and understandable to a broad audience by turning UDPC’s raw research data into a visual narrative. This is achieved using mapping, documentary films, found footage, debating programs, interviews, and other visual content. While the raw data, including a conflict analysis for each country, is already mapped with each annual publication, most of the documentary and related content will be added throughout the year. The integration of documentary films, in particular, adds significant value to the World Conflict Map:

  • Contextual Understanding: Documentary films can offer detailed insights into the historical, political, cultural, and social aspects of a conflict, giving viewers a more comprehensive understanding of the situation.

  • Humanizing Data: While maps and data visualizations can illustrate conflict locations and statistics, documentaries provide human faces and voices to those numbers, creating a more emotional connection to the information.

  • Enhanced Engagement: Through compelling storytelling and visual imagery, documentaries can capture viewers’ attention and interest in a way that raw data alone might not, making the learning experience more engaging and immersive.

  • Expert Analysis: Documentaries often feature interviews and commentary from experts, activists, and those directly affected by the conflicts. This expert analysis can add depth and nuance to the understanding of complex issues.

  • Cross-Media Integration: Incorporating documentary films into the map creates a multi-media experience that caters to different learning styles and preferences, reaching a wider audience.

  • Educational Opportunities: For educators and students, the inclusion of documentaries can turn the map into a multifaceted educational tool that fosters critical thinking and encourages discussions on global issues.

  • Real-World Connection: Documentaries showcase real-life examples and consequences of conflicts, bridging the gap between abstract data and tangible, on-the-ground realities.

By including documentaries, the World Conflict Map transcends a static data repository to become a dynamic and interactive platform that educates, informs, and engages users on a profound level.

One of the major factors influencing a country’s readiness, or even eagerness, to address its issues through violent conflict is its historical experience with war.

A nation with a long-standing tradition of military engagement may perceive warfare as a viable or even preferred solution to disputes. Conversely, nations that have endured the severe consequences of conflict may be more cautious in resorting to arms.

Understanding these dynamics requires a nuanced examination of cultural, political, and social factors, such as military traditions, political leadership, economic conditions, and public sentiment. 

To help people better understand of how these elements influence a nation’s inclination to engage in warfare, a future release of the map will include an interactive timeline. This feature will trace the ebb and flow of conflicts all the way back to World War II, offering users a historical perspective that sheds light on the complex interplay of factors that lead to war.

Please read the call for support below. To update and develop the map, your support is crucial. Your contribution will enable us to enhance features, provide more detailed information, and reach a wider audience. Together, we can make this map an invaluable resource for all who use it.

The Functionality

Navigating the World Conflict Map

In our World Conflict Map, each country’s conflict level is visually represented by a color: green signifies peace, yellow indicates a minor armed conflict, orange marks a war, and red designates a full-scale war. This color-coding system simplifies the task of understanding the severity and geographical distribution of global conflicts. Here is what the map displays and provides:

    1. Geographical Conflict Distribution: The map shows where conflicts are happening around the world.
    2. Conflict Intensity: Through color coding, the map indicates the intensity or severity of each conflict.
    3. In-Depth Data on Each Conflict: Users can click on each country or conflict zone to get a deeper understanding of that particular situation. This includes:
      • Battle-related deaths.
      • Intentional civilian deaths.
      • Fatalities from non-state warring parties.
    4. Conflict Categorization: The map distinguishes between different types of conflicts, such as:
      • Interstate conflicts.
      • Intrastate conflicts.
      • Non-state conflicts.
    5. Comprehensive Summaries: For each country or region, there’s a brief but comprehensive summary of the main conflicts, key players involved, significant events, and potential regional implications.
    6. Supplementary Educational Content: The map is enriched with contextual content, including documentary films, debates, interviews, and other resources to help users gain deeper insights into the background and dynamics of various conflicts.
    7. Annual Updates: The map is updated annually with the latest UCDP data to ensure its relevance and accuracy.

While the World Conflict Map aligns very closely with UCPD definitions and categories, we’ve introduced an additional level: ‘full-scale war.’ The UCDP data distinguishes only between minor armed conflict and war, defining any conflict with over 1,000 casualties as a war. We’ve introduced a ‘full-scale war’ level with a threshold of 5,000 deaths to highlight the most significant conflict hotspots. It’s worth noting that the color scales on our map represent cumulative deaths, summing up battle-related, intentional civilian, and non-state deaths. Therefore, a country is classified as being in a state of war when it experiences more than 1,000 fatalities in a given year, including intentional civilian deaths,  due to conflict.

  • Battle-Related Deaths: These are fatalities resulting from violence in the context of an armed conflict between two parties, at least one of which is the government of a state..
  • One-Sided Violence or Intentional Civilian Deaths: This category records incidents where an organized (state or non-state) actor deliberately uses force against civilians, resulting in at least 25 deaths.
  • Non-state conflict is defined as the use of armed force between two organized groups, both of which are outside the state system. Example: drug-cartels in Mexico. The fatalities that result from this type of conflict are called Non-State or NonGovt Deaths 
  • Interstate Conflict: A type of state-based armed conflict where the government of one state uses armed force against the government of another state. Example: Ukraine War
  • Intrastate Conflict: A type of state-based armed conflict where the government of a state uses armed force against one or more non-state groups.

To achieve color-coding, docsonline leverages UCPD data, which is more superior and thorough than any other conflict research program. It has one significant drawback, however. Because UCDP organizes the data by conflict and not by country, it sometimes needs to be cross-referenced with other sources to obtain the necessary country statistics. This can be best illustrated by an example.

For instance, if we were to rely exclusively on UCDP data, Russia would appear green – at peace – on the 2022 map. This is because there are no battle-related deaths reported within Russia; all Russian casualties are reported in Ukraine, undifferentiated from Ukrainian casualties. The same is true for a country like Eritrea. While Eritrea has allied with Ethiopia in the fight against the TPLF, all casualties are associated with the conflict, not with the involved nations.

Note to the World Conflict Map about USAAnother example of the limitations of UCDP data is the United States. Despite being the most powerful military nation on Earth in terms of expenditure and engagement, active in almost every major conflict since 1942, the U.S. would show a relatively low casualty count. Upon importing the data into a map, the U.S. has only mourned 3,016 casualties since 1990, almost all of which occurred during the 9/11 attacks. American fatalities sustained in wars fought on foreign ground – the Gulf War, Iraq, Afghanistan, etc. – are not attributed to the United States. The same is true for the fatalities of European countries and Australia incurred in the War on Terror in Afghanistan or the Iraq War, as these deaths are attributed to the coalition, not to individual countries.

While UCDP data is the most accurate globally, it needs processing when dealing with internationalized intrastate conflicts. For instance, when one country invades another, ending with all casualties on foreign soil, the data must be refined and cross-referenced with other sources to accurately represent conflict intensity within a given country. When we do so, this is duly noted in the country overview, including the sources used.

One of the major factors influencing a country’s readiness, or even eagerness, to address its issues through violent conflict is its historical experience with war.

A nation with a long-standing tradition of military engagement may perceive warfare as a viable or even preferred solution to disputes. Conversely, nations that have endured the severe consequences of conflict may be more cautious in resorting to arms.

Understanding these dynamics requires a nuanced examination of cultural, political, and social factors, such as military traditions, political leadership, economic conditions, and public sentiment. 

To help people better understand of how these elements influence a nation’s inclination to engage in warfare, a future release of the map will include an interactive timeline. This feature will trace the ebb and flow of conflicts all the way back to World War II, offering users a historical perspective that sheds light on the complex interplay of factors that lead to war.

Call For Support

Conflict Map Updates & New Releases

The World Map of conflict color-indicates the conflict intensity per country for a given year, effectively visualizing geopolitical tensions on a regional scale. This map is developed and diligently maintained by DocsOnline, a VOD platform dedicated to enhancing global understanding through the power of documentary films and contextual comprehension. Every January, we update the map with the latest UCDP data, while persistently expanding it with new features, enriched documentary films, engaging debate programs, and insightful interviews.

Our inaugural edition, the 2022 World Conflict Map, marks the first step in a much larger project aimed at illustrating the evolution of geopolitical conflict intensities over time since World War II. As we update the map annually, we also delve back into history. In future releases, you’ll be able to journey through time with a clickable timeline feature, tracing the ebb and flow of great ideological battles, high-profile international wars over resources and governmental power, and the local, yet no less disruptive currents of guerrilla warfare. 

We’re fuelled by the support of our community – both individual members who gain access to our exclusive content and organizations who fund projects within the map. Your support is instrumental in helping us continue this endeavor, and is greatly appreciated. Join us today and contribute to the understanding of world conflicts.

We Need Your Support

We’re fuelled by the support of our community – both individual members who gain access to our exclusive content and organizations who fund projects within the map. Your support is instrumental in helping us continue this endeavor, and is greatly appreciated. Join us today and contribute to the understanding of world conflicts.

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Rwanda 2022

Total Deaths61
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths61
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

Government of Rwanda

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Rwanda has experienced significant internal conflicts in the past, most notably the 1994 genocide that resulted in the deaths of nearly one million people. Since then, the country has made remarkable progress in terms of stability and economic development. However, there are still some internal tensions, particularly between the ruling party and opposition groups, as well as occasional outbreaks of violence in border regions.

Externally, Rwanda has been involved in conflicts in neighboring countries, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Rwanda has been accused of supporting rebel groups in the DRC, which has fueled regional instability. The main actors involved in these conflicts include the Rwandan government, rebel groups, and neighboring countries such as the DRC and Uganda.

The implications for the region are significant, as the conflicts in Rwanda and its involvement in neighboring countries have the potential to destabilize the entire Great Lakes region of Africa. The presence of armed groups and the flow of refugees across borders pose security and humanitarian challenges. Additionally, tensions between Rwanda and its neighbors can strain diplomatic relations and hinder regional cooperation.

In terms of threat level assessment, the situation in Rwanda is currently unlikely to escalate into a major conflict. The country has made significant progress in post-genocide reconciliation and has a strong government that prioritizes stability. However, the potential for sporadic violence and regional tensions remains, making it important to monitor the situation closely.

Saint Helena 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Saint Helena is a remote island territory located in the South Atlantic Ocean. It has a stable geopolitical situation with no significant internal or external conflicts. The main actors involved in the region are the local government of Saint Helena, which exercises control over the island, and the United Kingdom, which is responsible for its defense and foreign affairs. The absence of conflicts and the peaceful nature of the region imply a low threat level assessment, as there are no indications of any potential escalation or likelihood of conflicts emerging in the foreseeable future.

Saint Kitts and Nevis 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a small island nation located in the Caribbean. It has a stable political environment with no significant internal or external conflicts. The main actors involved in the country’s geopolitical situation are the government and the local population. The government has been successful in maintaining peace and stability, and there are no known threats or tensions that could escalate into conflicts. Therefore, the general threat level assessment for Saint Kitts and Nevis is unlikely to escalate.

Saint Lucia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Saint Lucia is a small island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It has a stable political environment with no significant internal conflicts. However, the country faces challenges related to drug trafficking and organized crime, which can occasionally lead to violence. The main actors involved in these issues are local criminal organizations and international drug cartels.

Externally, Saint Lucia maintains diplomatic relations with various countries and is a member of regional organizations such as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). It has generally good relations with its neighbors and other nations in the region.

The implications for the region are primarily related to the potential spillover of drug-related violence and criminal activities. While Saint Lucia itself is not a major drug-producing or transit country, its proximity to drug-producing nations in South America and its position as a popular tourist destination make it vulnerable to drug trafficking activities. This can have negative impacts on the country’s security and economy.

In terms of threat level assessment, the likelihood of internal conflicts escalating into significant violence is low. However, the risk of drug-related violence and organized crime activities remains a concern, although it is not at a high level. The government of Saint Lucia, along with regional and international partners, continues to work towards addressing these challenges and maintaining stability in the country.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a small island nation located in the Caribbean. Internally, the country has not experienced any significant conflicts or battle-related deaths involving government forces, according to UCDP data. However, there have been occasional instances of social unrest and political tensions, primarily related to issues such as corruption and economic inequality.

Externally, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has maintained relatively peaceful relations with its neighboring countries and the wider international community. The country is a member of various regional organizations, such as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), which promote cooperation and stability in the region.

The main actors involved in the geopolitical situation of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are its government, political parties, civil society organizations, and regional partners. The government plays a central role in maintaining stability and addressing internal challenges, while regional organizations provide support and assistance when needed.

Overall, the threat level assessment for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is unlikely to escalate. The country has a relatively stable political environment and has not been involved in any major external conflicts. However, it is important to monitor and address internal issues such as corruption and economic inequality to ensure continued stability and development in the region.

San Marino 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

San Marino is a small landlocked country located within Italy. It has a stable political system and has not been involved in any significant internal or external conflicts. The country maintains friendly relations with its neighboring countries and has a long-standing defense agreement with Italy. San Marino’s main actors are its government and the Italian government, with whom it shares close economic and political ties. The absence of conflicts and the peaceful nature of the country’s relations suggest a low threat level assessment, with the likelihood of escalation being unlikely.

Saudi Arabia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Saudi Arabia is a key player in the Middle East, with both internal and external conflicts shaping its geopolitical situation. Internally, the country faces challenges related to political repression and human rights abuses, as well as tensions between the ruling monarchy and various opposition groups. Externally, Saudi Arabia is involved in conflicts such as the ongoing war in Yemen, where it leads a coalition against Houthi rebels. The main actors involved in these conflicts include the Saudi government, opposition groups, regional powers like Iran, and international actors such as the United States. The implications for the region are significant, as Saudi Arabia’s actions and alliances have the potential to fuel sectarian tensions and exacerbate regional rivalries. The threat level assessment for Saudi Arabia is high, as the country’s involvement in conflicts and its regional ambitions make it susceptible to escalation and further destabilization.

Senegal 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Senegal is a stable country in West Africa with no major internal conflicts. However, it faces some external challenges, particularly in relation to its territorial dispute with Mauritania over the Senegal River border. The main actors involved in this dispute are the governments of Senegal and Mauritania, as well as the local communities living along the river. The implications for the region include potential tensions between the two countries and the impact on the livelihoods of the communities dependent on the river. Overall, the threat level assessment for this conflict is unlikely to escalate, as both countries have shown a willingness to engage in dialogue and find peaceful solutions.

Serbia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Serbia has faced significant geopolitical challenges, both internally and externally. Internally, the country has grappled with ethnic tensions, particularly with its Albanian minority in the province of Kosovo. This conflict led to the Kosovo War in the late 1990s, with Serbia opposing Kosovo’s independence. Externally, Serbia has had strained relations with its neighbors, particularly Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, stemming from the breakup of Yugoslavia. The main actors involved in these conflicts include Serbia, Kosovo, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the involvement of international actors such as the European Union and NATO. The implications for the region are complex, as unresolved conflicts and tensions can hinder stability and cooperation. The threat level assessment for the region is likely, as the potential for escalation and renewed conflicts remains a concern.

Seychelles 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Seychelles is a small island nation located in the Indian Ocean with no significant internal or external conflicts. The country has a stable political system and has not experienced any major internal conflicts or violence involving government forces. Externally, Seychelles maintains friendly relations with its neighboring countries and has not been involved in any territorial disputes or military conflicts. The main actors in the region include Seychelles itself, as well as other Indian Ocean countries and international organizations. Overall, the geopolitical situation in Seychelles is relatively peaceful and stable, with a low threat level and unlikely to escalate.

Sierra Leone 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Sierra Leone has experienced significant internal and external conflicts in its recent history. Internally, the country faced a brutal civil war from 1991 to 2002, primarily driven by rebel groups such as the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). This conflict resulted in widespread violence, human rights abuses, and the use of child soldiers. Externally, Sierra Leone has faced tensions with neighboring countries, particularly Liberia and Guinea, as they provided support to rebel groups during the civil war.

The main actors involved in the conflicts were the Sierra Leonean government, rebel groups like the RUF, and neighboring countries. The government, with the assistance of the United Nations and other international actors, eventually managed to end the civil war and restore stability. However, the scars of the conflict still linger, and the country continues to face challenges related to post-war reconstruction, development, and reconciliation.

The threat level assessment for Sierra Leone is currently unlikely to escalate. The civil war has ended, and the country has made significant progress in terms of peacebuilding and democratic governance. However, there are still underlying issues such as poverty, corruption, and youth unemployment that could potentially lead to social unrest if not adequately addressed. Additionally, regional dynamics and the presence of armed groups in neighboring countries could pose sporadic security challenges. Overall, while the situation remains fragile, the likelihood of a major conflict is currently low.

Singapore 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Singapore is a small island nation in Southeast Asia that has managed to maintain a relatively stable geopolitical situation. Internally, the country has not experienced any significant conflicts or political unrest since gaining independence in 1965. Externally, Singapore has maintained friendly relations with its neighboring countries and has actively pursued diplomatic and economic cooperation in the region.

The main actors involved in Singapore’s geopolitical landscape are the government, led by the ruling People’s Action Party, and its neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia. Singapore has worked to establish strong diplomatic ties with these countries, focusing on economic cooperation and regional security initiatives.

The implications for the region are largely positive, as Singapore’s stability and economic success have made it an attractive destination for foreign investment and a hub for regional trade. Its strategic location and well-developed infrastructure have also contributed to its role as a key player in regional security initiatives, such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

In terms of threat level assessment, Singapore is considered unlikely to escalate conflicts or engage in aggressive actions. The country’s focus on diplomacy, economic cooperation, and regional security initiatives has helped maintain a peaceful and stable environment. However, it is important to note that geopolitical dynamics can change, and ongoing regional disputes or global events could potentially impact the situation in the future.

Slovakia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe that has maintained a relatively stable geopolitical situation. Internally, the country has not experienced any significant conflicts or violence involving government forces. Externally, Slovakia has maintained peaceful relations with its neighboring countries and has been an active member of the European Union and NATO. The main actors involved in the region include Slovakia, its neighboring countries, and international organizations. The overall threat level assessment for Slovakia is unlikely to escalate, as the country has demonstrated a commitment to peaceful relations and cooperation with its neighbors and international partners.

Slovenia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Slovenia is a small country located in Central Europe, bordered by Italy, Austria, Hungary, and Croatia. It gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, which marked the end of the Yugoslav Wars. Since then, Slovenia has maintained a stable political environment and has not been involved in any major internal or external conflicts.

Internally, Slovenia has a well-functioning democratic system and a strong rule of law. The country has a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The main actors in the political landscape are various political parties that compete for power through elections.

Externally, Slovenia is a member of the European Union and NATO, which has helped to ensure its security and stability. The country has good relations with its neighboring countries and actively participates in regional cooperation initiatives. Slovenia also plays a role in promoting stability in the Western Balkans region.

Overall, the geopolitical situation in Slovenia is relatively calm and stable. There are no significant internal or external conflicts that pose a threat to the country or the region. The threat level assessment for Slovenia is unlikely to escalate, as the country has a strong commitment to peace and cooperation with its neighbors.

Somalia 2022

Total Deaths3122
Battle Related Deaths3034
Targeted Civilian Deaths88
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Somalia vs Al-Shabaab

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

Al-Shabaab

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Somalia has been grappling with internal conflicts, primarily between the Government of Somalia and the extremist group Al-Shabaab. Al-Shabaab, an internationalized intrastate actor, has been engaged in a long-standing insurgency against the government, aiming to establish its own rule. The conflict has also drawn in external actors, with Ethiopia supporting the government in its fight against Al-Shabaab. The implications of this conflict are significant for the region, as it has led to instability, displacement of people, and a breeding ground for terrorism. The threat level assessment for the region is high, as the conflict has the potential to escalate and further destabilize the already fragile political and security situation in Somalia and neighboring countries.

South Africa 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

South Africa is a country with a relatively stable geopolitical situation. Internally, it faces challenges such as high levels of inequality, unemployment, and crime. The main actors involved in these internal conflicts are the government, various political parties, and civil society organizations. Externally, South Africa has been involved in regional conflicts, particularly in its role as a mediator in neighboring countries such as Zimbabwe and Lesotho.

The implications of these conflicts are significant for the region. Internally, the high levels of inequality and unemployment can lead to social unrest and political instability. Externally, South Africa’s involvement in regional conflicts can either contribute to stability and peace or exacerbate tensions depending on its approach and effectiveness as a mediator.

In terms of threat level assessment, the likelihood of internal conflicts escalating into large-scale violence is relatively low. However, the persistence of social and economic challenges could continue to pose risks to stability. Externally, South Africa’s involvement in regional conflicts is more likely to be driven by diplomatic efforts rather than military interventions, indicating a lower likelihood of escalation.

South Korea 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

South Korea is situated in a complex geopolitical landscape, primarily shaped by its tense relationship with North Korea. The main internal conflict revolves around the divided Korean Peninsula, with South Korea seeking reunification while North Korea maintains a hostile stance. The main external conflict involves the United States and its allies, including South Korea, against North Korea’s nuclear ambitions. The key actors involved are South Korea, North Korea, and the United States, with China also playing a significant role as a regional power. The implications for the region are high, as any escalation of tensions could potentially lead to military conflict and have far-reaching consequences for peace and stability in Northeast Asia. The threat level assessment is considered high due to the unpredictable nature of North Korea’s actions and the potential for miscalculation or provocation.

South Sudan 2022

Total Deaths763
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths95
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths668

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

Government of South Sudan

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

Bor Dinka vs Murle
Bor Dinka, Lou Nuer vs Murle
Click for more

Conflict Summary:

South Sudan is currently facing several internal conflicts, with the main actors being various ethnic groups such as the Bor Dinka, Murle, Lou Nuer, and others. The conflicts primarily revolve around land disputes, cattle raiding, and political power struggles. These conflicts have resulted in significant violence and displacement of civilians. Additionally, there are external tensions with neighboring countries, particularly Sudan, over border disputes and oil resources. The implications for the region are concerning, as the ongoing conflicts in South Sudan have the potential to spill over into neighboring countries and exacerbate existing regional instability. The threat level assessment for the situation in South Sudan is high, as the conflicts have persisted for a long time and show no signs of resolution.

Spain 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Spain is currently facing several key internal and external conflicts. Internally, the country has been grappling with the issue of Catalan separatism, with Catalonia seeking independence from Spain. This has led to political tensions and protests in the region. Externally, Spain has been dealing with the issue of illegal immigration, as it serves as a major entry point for migrants from Africa. The main actors involved in these conflicts include the Spanish government, Catalan separatist leaders, and various international organizations dealing with immigration. The implications for the region are significant, as the resolution of these conflicts could have far-reaching consequences for the stability and unity of Spain and potentially impact other separatist movements in Europe. The threat level assessment for these conflicts is currently unlikely to escalate, but the situation remains fragile and could change depending on the actions and responses of the involved parties.

Sri Lanka 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Sri Lanka has experienced significant internal conflicts, particularly the long-standing ethnic conflict between the majority Sinhalese and the minority Tamil population. The conflict, which lasted for decades, resulted in a brutal civil war that ended in 2009 with the defeat of the Tamil Tigers. The main actors involved were the Sri Lankan government and the Tamil Tigers, with both sides committing human rights abuses. Externally, India played a significant role in the conflict, providing support to the Sri Lankan government. The implications for the region include concerns over human rights violations, displacement of people, and the potential for regional instability. The threat level assessment for Sri Lanka is currently unlikely to escalate, as the civil war has ended, but tensions and grievances still exist, requiring continued attention to prevent any resurgence of violence.

Sudan 2022

Total Deaths2039
Battle Related Deaths47
Targeted Civilian Deaths169
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths1823

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Sudan vs SLM/A

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

Government of South Sudan, Government of Sudan

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

Bor Dinka vs Murle
Bor Dinka, Lou Nuer vs Murle
Click for more

Conflict Summary:

Sudan is currently facing multiple internal and external conflicts. Internally, the government of Sudan is engaged in a non-territorial intrastate conflict with the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A). This conflict has been ongoing since 2003 and has resulted in significant violence and displacement. Additionally, there are numerous ethnic and tribal conflicts within Sudan involving groups such as Bor Dinka, Murle, Lou Nuer, and others.

Externally, Sudan has a complex relationship with its neighbor, South Sudan. The two countries have had disputes over border territories and oil resources, leading to occasional clashes between their respective governments. The involvement of external actors, such as the governments of South Sudan and Sudan, further complicates the situation.

The implications of these conflicts are significant for the region. The violence and displacement caused by the internal conflicts have created a humanitarian crisis and strained resources in Sudan. The tensions between Sudan and South Sudan have the potential to escalate into a larger regional conflict, as both countries have support from various external actors. The threat level assessment for Sudan is high, as the conflicts have persisted for many years and show no signs of resolution, posing a continued risk to stability in the region.

Suriname 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Suriname is a relatively stable country in South America with no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces. Internally, the country has faced challenges related to political stability and corruption, with periodic tensions between different political factions. Externally, Suriname has experienced territorial disputes with neighboring Guyana over the border region, which has strained relations between the two countries. The main actors involved in these conflicts are the Surinamese government, opposition parties, and neighboring countries. Overall, the threat level assessment for Suriname is unlikely to escalate, as the country has managed to maintain relative peace and stability in recent years.

Sweden 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Sweden is known for its long-standing tradition of neutrality and has not been involved in any major internal or external conflicts in recent history. Internally, the country has maintained a stable political environment with a strong emphasis on social welfare and democratic governance. Externally, Sweden has actively pursued a policy of non-alignment and has not engaged in any military alliances. The main actors involved in Sweden’s geopolitical situation are its government, which prioritizes diplomacy and international cooperation, and various international organizations such as the United Nations and the European Union. The threat level assessment for Sweden is generally considered to be unlikely to escalate, given its neutral stance and focus on peaceful resolution of conflicts.

Switzerland 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Switzerland is known for its long-standing tradition of neutrality and has not been involved in any major internal or external conflicts in recent history. Internally, the country has a stable political system with a strong emphasis on consensus-building and a decentralized power structure. Externally, Switzerland maintains a policy of non-alignment and has not participated in any military alliances. The main actors involved in Switzerland’s geopolitical situation are its own government and the international community, particularly neighboring countries. Given its neutral stance and lack of significant conflicts, the threat level assessment for Switzerland is generally considered to be unlikely to escalate.

Syria 2022

Total Deaths5272
Battle Related Deaths877
Targeted Civilian Deaths3783
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths612

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Syria vs Syrian insurgents
Government of Syria vs IS

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

IS

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

IS vs SDF
SNA vs SDF

Conflict Summary:

The geopolitical situation in Syria is characterized by multiple internal and external conflicts. Internally, the Government of Syria is engaged in a conflict against Syrian insurgents and the Islamic State (IS). The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and the Syrian National Army (SNA) are also involved in clashes with IS and the SDF. Externally, the conflict has been internationalized, with various actors supporting different sides. The main actors involved include the Government of Syria, Syrian insurgents, IS, SDF, and SNA. The implications for the region are significant, as the conflict has led to a humanitarian crisis, mass displacement, and the rise of extremist groups. The threat level assessment for the region is high, as the conflict has the potential to escalate further and has already had far-reaching consequences.

Taiwan 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Taiwan is a self-governing democratic island that has been a source of tension between China and the international community. China considers Taiwan as a part of its territory and has not ruled out the use of force to bring it under its control. This has led to ongoing political and military tensions between the two sides. The main actors involved in this conflict are the governments of China and Taiwan, as well as the United States, which has been a key supporter of Taiwan’s security. The implications for the region are significant, as any escalation in the conflict could have far-reaching consequences for regional stability and international relations. The threat level assessment is high, as the situation remains volatile and the potential for a military confrontation between China and Taiwan cannot be ruled out.

Tajikistan 2022

Total Deaths152
Battle Related Deaths152
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia that has faced several internal and external conflicts since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The main internal conflict has been the civil war that lasted from 1992 to 1997, primarily between the government and opposition forces. This conflict resulted in significant casualties and displacement of people. Externally, Tajikistan has faced tensions with neighboring Afghanistan due to the spillover of violence and the flow of drugs and weapons across the border.

The main actors involved in the internal conflict were the government led by President Emomali Rahmon and the United Tajik Opposition (UTO), which consisted of various opposition groups. The conflict had implications for the region as it destabilized Tajikistan and had the potential to spread to neighboring countries. The involvement of external actors, such as Russia and Iran, further complicated the situation.

Currently, Tajikistan faces a relatively stable internal situation, with the government maintaining control. However, the threat of terrorism and extremism remains a concern, particularly due to the presence of militant groups in neighboring Afghanistan. The flow of drugs and weapons across the border also poses a security challenge. While the likelihood of a large-scale conflict is low, the threat level assessment for Tajikistan remains moderate due to the potential for localized violence and instability.

Tanzania 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Tanzania is currently experiencing a relatively stable geopolitical situation with no major internal or external conflicts. The country has a non-territorial dispute, meaning it does not have any ongoing territorial disputes with neighboring countries. The main actors involved in Tanzania’s geopolitical landscape are the government, political parties, and various ethnic groups. The lack of significant conflicts and disputes in Tanzania implies a lower threat level, as the country has been able to maintain internal stability and peaceful relations with its neighbors. It is unlikely that the geopolitical situation in Tanzania will escalate into a major conflict in the near future.

Thailand 2022

Total Deaths30
Battle Related Deaths30
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Thailand vs Patani insurgents

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Thailand has been grappling with an internal conflict between the government and Patani insurgents since 2062. The Patani insurgents, representing the ethnic Malay Muslim population in the southern region of Patani, have been seeking greater autonomy or independence from the Thai government. This intrastate conflict has resulted in frequent acts of violence, including bombings and shootings, causing significant casualties on both sides.

The main actors involved in this conflict are the Government of Thailand and the Patani insurgents. The Thai government has been attempting to maintain control over the region and suppress the insurgency, while the Patani insurgents have been fighting for their political and cultural rights. The conflict has also attracted the attention of international human rights organizations, who have raised concerns about alleged human rights abuses by the Thai government.

The implications of this conflict for the region are significant. The ongoing violence and instability in the southern region of Thailand have hindered economic development and tourism in the area. Moreover, the conflict has the potential to spill over into neighboring countries with significant Malay Muslim populations, such as Malaysia and Indonesia, potentially exacerbating regional tensions.

The threat level assessment for this conflict is high. Despite occasional attempts at peace talks, the conflict has persisted for several decades with no clear resolution in sight. The continued violence and grievances of the Patani insurgents suggest that the conflict is likely to escalate further unless a comprehensive and inclusive solution is found.

Timor-Leste 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor, has experienced significant geopolitical challenges since gaining independence from Indonesia in 2002. Internally, the country has faced political instability and occasional outbreaks of violence, often stemming from tensions between different factions within the government and security forces. The main actors involved in these conflicts have been political parties, rival factions within the military and police, and occasionally, disaffected youth groups. Externally, Timor-Leste has had to navigate its relationship with Indonesia, which has at times been strained due to historical grievances and border disputes. Additionally, the country has sought to balance its ties with regional powers such as Australia and China, which have economic and strategic interests in the region. Overall, while the threat level for Timor-Leste escalating into a major conflict is currently low, the country’s internal and external challenges require ongoing attention to ensure stability and development.

Togo 2022

Total Deaths532
Battle Related Deaths34
Targeted Civilian Deaths498
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Togo vs JNIM

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

JNIM

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Togo is currently facing an internal conflict between the government and the Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM), an extremist group operating in the region. The JNIM seeks to establish an Islamic state and has carried out attacks against security forces and civilians. This conflict poses a significant threat to the stability and security of Togo, as well as the wider region.

The main actors involved in this conflict are the government of Togo and the JNIM. The government is striving to maintain control and stability within the country, while the JNIM aims to undermine the government and establish its own rule. The JNIM has links to other extremist groups in the Sahel region, such as Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), which further complicates the situation.

The implications of this conflict for the region are concerning. Togo shares borders with Ghana, Benin, and Burkina Faso, all of which have experienced their own security challenges. The presence of the JNIM in Togo could potentially exacerbate existing conflicts in neighboring countries and contribute to the spread of extremism in the region.

The threat level assessment for this conflict is likely to escalate. The JNIM has demonstrated its ability to carry out attacks and has a clear agenda of destabilizing the government. The government’s response to the group’s activities will likely determine the trajectory of the conflict. If not effectively addressed, the conflict could escalate and have far-reaching consequences for Togo and the wider region.

Trinidad and Tobago 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Trinidad and Tobago is a country located in the Caribbean region, facing several internal and external conflicts. Internally, the country grapples with high crime rates, including drug trafficking and gang violence, which pose significant challenges to its stability and security. Externally, Trinidad and Tobago faces the threat of transnational organized crime, particularly drug trafficking, due to its strategic location as a transit point between South America and North America. The main actors involved in these conflicts include local criminal organizations, international drug cartels, and law enforcement agencies. The implications for the region are concerning, as the country’s internal conflicts can spill over into neighboring countries, exacerbating regional security challenges. The threat level assessment for Trinidad and Tobago is high, as the ongoing conflicts and criminal activities have the potential to escalate and further destabilize the country and the wider Caribbean region.

Tunisia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Tunisia is currently facing several internal and external conflicts that have significant implications for the region. Internally, the country has been grappling with political instability and economic challenges since the 2011 revolution. This has led to social unrest, protests, and a rise in terrorism, particularly from extremist groups such as ISIS. Externally, Tunisia is dealing with the ongoing conflict in neighboring Libya, which has resulted in the spillover of violence and the influx of refugees. The main actors involved in these conflicts include the Tunisian government, various political parties, extremist groups, and regional powers such as Egypt and Algeria. The threat level assessment for Tunisia is high, as the country continues to face internal and external challenges that could potentially escalate and further destabilize the region.

Turkey 2022

Total Deaths575
Battle Related Deaths575
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Turkey vs PKK

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Turkey is currently facing a complex geopolitical situation with both internal and external conflicts. Internally, the main conflict revolves around the Government of Turkey’s ongoing battle against the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), a Kurdish separatist group seeking autonomy. This conflict has resulted in significant violence and casualties on both sides. Externally, Turkey’s involvement in the Syrian civil war has further complicated the situation, as it has led to clashes with Kurdish forces in northern Syria.

The main actors involved in the internal conflict are the Government of Turkey and the PKK. The Turkish government has been conducting military operations and implementing strict security measures to combat the PKK’s insurgency. On the external front, Turkey has been engaged in clashes with Kurdish forces in Syria, particularly the People’s Protection Units (YPG), which Turkey considers an extension of the PKK.

The implications of these conflicts are significant for the region. The internal conflict with the PKK has led to a deterioration of security and stability within Turkey, with frequent terrorist attacks and human rights concerns. The conflict also has implications for the Kurdish population in the region, as their aspirations for autonomy remain unaddressed. Externally, Turkey’s involvement in Syria has strained its relations with other regional actors, such as the United States and Russia, and has further complicated the already complex dynamics of the Syrian civil war.

The threat level assessment for this situation is high. The conflict between the Government of Turkey and the PKK has been ongoing for decades and shows no signs of resolution. The involvement of external actors in the region, such as the United States and Russia, adds another layer of complexity and potential escalation. The risk of further violence, both internally and externally, remains significant, making it likely that the situation could escalate.

Turkmenistan 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Turkmenistan, a Central Asian country, has maintained a relatively stable geopolitical situation with no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces. Internally, the country is governed by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, who has been in power since 2006. The main internal conflict revolves around the lack of political freedoms and human rights, with the government tightly controlling the media and suppressing dissent. Externally, Turkmenistan faces challenges related to its energy resources, as it is heavily dependent on gas exports, particularly to Russia and China.

The main actors involved in Turkmenistan’s geopolitical landscape are Russia, China, and the United States. Russia has historically been a significant player due to its economic and political influence in the region. China has also become increasingly involved, particularly through its energy cooperation and infrastructure projects. The United States has shown interest in Turkmenistan’s energy resources but has limited influence compared to Russia and China.

The implications for the region are primarily economic and energy-related. Turkmenistan’s vast gas reserves make it an important player in the regional energy market, and any disruptions in its gas exports could have implications for neighboring countries. Additionally, the lack of political freedoms and human rights concerns within Turkmenistan could potentially lead to social unrest or discontent among the population.

Overall, the threat level assessment for Turkmenistan is unlikely to escalate. The country’s stable internal situation and its focus on maintaining good relations with its neighbors contribute to a relatively peaceful environment. However, the lack of political freedoms and human rights concerns could pose long-term challenges if not addressed.

Uganda 2022

Total Deaths25
Battle Related Deaths25
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Uganda vs IS

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Uganda is currently facing an internal conflict between the Government of Uganda and the Islamic State (IS). The main actor in this conflict is the Government of Uganda, which is actively working to counter the influence and activities of IS within its borders. The conflict has implications for the region as it poses a threat to stability and security, potentially leading to increased radicalization and terrorist activities. The threat level assessment for this conflict is likely, as the Government of Uganda is actively engaged in countering the IS presence, but the situation could escalate if not effectively addressed.

Ukraine 2022

Total Deaths29112
Battle Related Deaths28000
Targeted Civilian Deaths1112
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

The Ukrainian government is actively engaged in a full-scale war on its own soil against Russian forces, defending its territorial integrity and sovereignty within the country.(“Why Russia Attacked Ukraine)

Data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) indicates that more than 81,517 soldiers from both sides lost their lives in 2022 alone. This figure represents the best estimate, with a lower range of 57,717 and an upper range reaching as high as 160,778. Gaining an accurate assessment of the Russian military casualties is challenging, as both parties are hesitant to disclose the exact numbers. Nevertheless, various sources propose that the ratio of Russian to Ukrainian military fatalities stands approximately at 2:1. Thus, we have calculated an estimated figure of around 28,000 Ukrainian casualties.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

Government of Russia (Soviet Union)

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Amid an atmosphere of heightened tension, military escalations, and diplomatic threats, Russia launched a full-scale invasion into Ukraine on February 24, 2022. Russian battle groups positioned around Ukraine breached the border with the apparent objective to seize Kyiv, topple the government, and occupy Ukraine in its entirety. Despite being militarily outmatched, Ukraine successfully stalled the Russian advances in the ensuing days.In the persistently violent and ongoing war that unfolded — one projected to continue well into the foreseeable future — a total of 81,717 soldiers, including approximately 28,000 Ukrainians, and 1,112 Ukrainian civilians tragically lost their lives in 2022 alone.

Origins of the Conflict

Conflict Timeline

A former Soviet republic, Ukraine declared its independence in 1991. After a lengthy period of relative peace, armed conflict ignited within the nation in 2014 when the government sought to suppress an anti-government protest movement. This protest movement, called The Maiden Revolution eventually overthrew the pro-Russian government, triggering a violent response from Russia, which covertly occupied Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula and began supporting an emerging separatist insurrection in eastern Ukraine.

Separatist violence in the country’s Donbass region erupted in 2014, primarily instigated by the Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR). The intensity of the violence peaked in its inaugural year before significantly subsiding and stabilizing at a relatively low level, up until the Russian invasion in 2022.

Threat Level

The repercussions of this conflict for the region are substantial. The ongoing violence has triggered a humanitarian crisis, mass displacement, and economic instability in Ukraine. The conflict has also strained relations between Russia and Western countries, leading to a broader geopolitical standoff. The situation raises concerns about the potential for further territorial disputes and the erosion of Ukraine’s sovereignty.

The threat level assessment for this situation is high. This situation holds broader implications for regional stability, as it has exacerbated tensions between Russia and Western countries, leading to heightened geopolitical strife.

United Arab Emirates 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a stable country in the Middle East with no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces, according to UCDP data. Internally, the UAE has maintained a relatively peaceful environment, with limited internal conflicts. Externally, the UAE has been involved in the Yemeni Civil War, supporting the internationally recognized government against Houthi rebels. The main actors in this conflict include the UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Iran, with implications for regional stability and the humanitarian situation in Yemen. Overall, the threat level assessment for the UAE is unlikely to escalate, given its stable internal situation and its focus on regional security and diplomacy.

United Kingdom 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

The United Kingdom is currently facing internal conflicts related to Brexit, as the country voted to leave the European Union in 2016. This decision has caused divisions within the UK, with Scotland and Northern Ireland expressing desires to remain in the EU. The main actors involved in this conflict are the UK government, pro-Brexit supporters, and those advocating for remaining in the EU. Externally, the UK is involved in tensions with Russia, particularly due to the poisoning of a former Russian spy on British soil. These conflicts have implications for the region, as they could potentially lead to the breakup of the UK or strained relations with the EU. The threat level assessment for these conflicts is likely, as they have already caused significant political and social turmoil within the country.

United States 2022

Total Deaths4
Battle Related Deaths3
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths1

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to UCDP data, there are no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces, while the US Government reports 3 deaths related to Operation Inherent Resolve in Iraq (source). This discrepancy arises because the UCDP reports deaths in relation to the location of the conflict, not the nationality of those killed. It’s crucial for users of our World Conflict Map to understand this distinction and cross-reference with other reliable sources when necessary.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

Jalisco Cartel New Generation vs Sinaloa Cartel

According to UCDP data, there was one recorded death on American soil in San Diego due to cartel fighting. Although the death toll related to this Internationalized Intrastate Conflict may seem negligible, the momentum behind it is tremendous. Since 1981, the United States government has been leading a global campaign, “The War On Drugs,” which focuses on drug prohibition, military aid, and military intervention, all aimed at reducing the illegal drug trade in the United States. This initiative includes a set of drug policies designed to discourage the production, distribution, and consumption of psychoactive drugs that participating governments and the United Nations have declared illegal. For more information, please refer to the documentary America’s Longest War.

Conflict Summary:

The geopolitical situation in the United States is characterized by both internal and external conflicts. Internally, the country faces ongoing challenges related to racial tensions, political polarization, and socioeconomic disparities. The rise of extremist groups, such as white supremacists and militias, poses a significant threat to domestic security. Externally, the United States is engaged in various conflicts and rivalries, particularly with China and Russia, which have implications for global power dynamics and regional stability.

Key actors involved in the internal conflicts include political parties, social movements, law enforcement agencies, and extremist groups. The polarization between Democrats and Republicans has intensified in recent years, leading to political gridlock and a lack of consensus on key issues. Racial tensions, highlighted by incidents of police brutality and systemic racism, have sparked widespread protests and calls for social justice.

Externally, the United States is engaged in a strategic competition with China, particularly in areas such as trade, technology, and influence in the Asia-Pacific region. The relationship with Russia is marked by tensions over issues like Ukraine, cyber warfare, and interference in domestic affairs. The United States also plays a significant role in the Middle East, where it has been involved in conflicts such as the war in Afghanistan and the fight against ISIS.

The implications of these conflicts are far-reaching. Domestically, they threaten social cohesion, democratic institutions, and the overall stability of the country. Externally, they shape global power dynamics and have the potential to escalate into military confrontations or economic conflicts. As the world’s largest economic and military power, The United States’ actions and policies have a significant impact on the region and the world at large.

In terms of threat level assessment, the situation in the United States is currently high. The country faces multiple internal challenges that have the potential to escalate into violence or further polarization. Externally, the rivalry with China and Russia poses risks to global stability. However, it is important to note that the situation is dynamic and subject to change based on various factors such as political developments, economic conditions, and international relations.

Uruguay 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Uruguay is a relatively stable country in South America with no significant internal or external conflicts. Internally, the country has a long history of political stability and democratic governance. Externally, Uruguay maintains peaceful relations with its neighboring countries and has actively participated in regional organizations such as Mercosur. The main actors involved in the country’s geopolitical situation are the government, political parties, and civil society organizations. Overall, the threat level assessment for Uruguay is unlikely to escalate, as there are no major conflicts or tensions that pose a significant risk to the country’s stability.

Uzbekistan 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia that has experienced relative stability since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Internally, the country has faced challenges related to political repression, limited civil liberties, and human rights abuses under the authoritarian rule of President Islam Karimov until his death in 2016. The main external conflict Uzbekistan has faced is its relationship with neighboring Afghanistan, particularly concerning the threat of terrorism and drug trafficking. The main actors involved in this dynamic are the Uzbek government, Afghan Taliban, and various extremist groups. The implications for the region include the potential for increased instability, cross-border violence, and the spread of radical ideologies. The general threat level assessment for Uzbekistan is likely, given the ongoing security concerns in the region.

Venezuela 2022

Total Deaths38
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths38

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

FARC – Mordisco vs ELN

Conflict Summary:

Venezuela is currently facing a complex geopolitical situation with both internal and external conflicts. Internally, the country is experiencing a power struggle between President Nicolás Maduro and opposition leader Juan Guaidó, who declared himself interim president in 2019. This has led to political instability and a humanitarian crisis, with widespread protests and economic collapse.

Externally, Venezuela is involved in conflicts with various armed groups. The main actors are the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN), both of which have been using Venezuelan territory as a base for their operations. These groups are engaged in drug trafficking, illegal mining, and other criminal activities, further exacerbating the country’s instability.

The implications of these conflicts for the region are significant. The presence of armed groups in Venezuela poses a threat to neighboring countries, as it can lead to increased violence and insecurity. Additionally, the political and economic crisis in Venezuela has resulted in a massive influx of refugees into neighboring countries, straining their resources and creating social tensions.

The threat level assessment for Venezuela is high. The internal power struggle, involvement of armed groups, and the humanitarian crisis all contribute to a volatile situation. The potential for escalation and further destabilization in the region is a cause for concern.

Vietnam 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Vietnam has experienced significant geopolitical shifts in recent history. Internally, the country has faced conflicts such as the Vietnam War, which ended in 1975 with the reunification of North and South Vietnam under communist rule. Externally, Vietnam has had territorial disputes with neighboring countries, particularly over the South China Sea. The main actors involved in these conflicts include Vietnam, China, and other Southeast Asian nations. The implications for the region include potential tensions and competition for resources in the South China Sea. The threat level assessment for Vietnam’s conflicts is generally considered to be unlikely to escalate, although there is a possibility of occasional flare-ups.

Western Sahara 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

None

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Western Sahara is a disputed territory located in North Africa, primarily between Morocco and the Polisario Front, a Sahrawi nationalist movement seeking independence. The main internal conflict revolves around the sovereignty of the region, with Morocco claiming it as part of its territory and the Polisario Front demanding self-determination. This has led to sporadic clashes and tensions between the two sides.

Externally, the conflict has regional implications, as neighboring countries such as Algeria and Mauritania have been involved in supporting the Polisario Front or maintaining relations with Morocco. The United Nations has been actively involved in mediating the dispute and has supported a referendum for self-determination, which has yet to be implemented.

The geopolitical situation in Western Sahara remains complex and unresolved. The lack of progress in finding a lasting solution to the conflict increases the risk of escalation, especially if either side resorts to military action. The involvement of regional actors and the potential for resource competition further complicates the situation. Therefore, the threat level assessment for Western Sahara is considered high, as the conflict has the potential to escalate and impact the stability of the region.

Yemen 2022

Total Deaths3158
Battle Related Deaths2899
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths259

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

Government of Yemen (North Yemen) vs Forces of the Presidential Leadership Council

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

AQAP vs Forces of the Presidential Leadership Council
Giants Brigade, STC vs Islah

Conflict Summary:

Yemen is currently facing a complex geopolitical situation with multiple internal and external conflicts. Internally, the main conflict is between the Government of Yemen (North Yemen) and the Forces of the Presidential Leadership Council. This conflict has further escalated with the involvement of various actors such as AQAP, Giants Brigade, and STC, who are also engaged in separate clashes with each other. Externally, the United Arab Emirates has been involved in supporting the Government of Yemen.

The implications of these conflicts are significant for the region. The ongoing violence has resulted in a humanitarian crisis, with millions of Yemenis in need of assistance. The presence of AQAP poses a threat not only to Yemen but also to regional security, as the group has carried out attacks in neighboring countries. The involvement of external actors further complicates the situation and increases the risk of regional escalation.

The threat level assessment for Yemen is high. The multiple conflicts, involvement of extremist groups, and external interventions create a volatile environment with the potential for further escalation. The situation requires urgent attention and diplomatic efforts to find a peaceful resolution and address the humanitarian crisis.

Zambia 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Zambia has maintained a relatively stable geopolitical situation both internally and externally. Internally, the country has experienced minimal conflict, with no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces according to UCDP data. However, there have been occasional tensions related to political rivalries and ethnic divisions, although these have not escalated into major conflicts. Externally, Zambia has maintained peaceful relations with its neighboring countries and has actively participated in regional organizations such as the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Overall, the geopolitical situation in Zambia is considered unlikely to escalate, with a low threat level assessment.

Zimbabwe 2022

Total Deaths0
Battle Related Deaths0
Targeted Civilian Deaths0
Non-Govt Conflict Deaths0

Warring Parties Involving the Government:

According to the UCDP data, there were no reported battle-related deaths involving government forces.

Combatants Targeting Civilians:

List of conflicts that are “outside” state control:

None

Conflict Summary:

Zimbabwe has experienced significant political and economic challenges in recent years. Internally, the country has faced political instability and human rights concerns, particularly surrounding elections and the suppression of dissent. The main actors involved in these conflicts include the ruling ZANU-PF party, led by President Emmerson Mnangagwa, and opposition parties such as the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Externally, Zimbabwe has faced strained relations with Western countries due to concerns over governance and human rights issues. The implications for the region include potential refugee flows and economic instability, as Zimbabwe’s economic struggles have had a spillover effect on neighboring countries. The threat level assessment for Zimbabwe is currently unlikely to escalate, but the situation remains fragile and could change depending on political developments.