Rwanda, the hills speak by Bellefroid, Bernard
The Gacaca Popular Courts were founded to try and convict those guilty of genocide and war crimes. All of the judges are Rwandan citizens, and the courts are charged with the heavy task of trying 500,000 cases in a short period of time.
Before the arrival of the colonial powers, Rwanda was a kingdom with a caste system. During and after colonization, first by Germany and then by Belgium, that system was damaged. Tensions between the Hutus and Tutsis increased after independence in 1962. This period saw the formation of the Hutu Power movement, which viewed Tutsis as inferior. Tensions came to a head in 1994; some 1 million Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed during the genocide.