Finding Mercy by Paterson, Robyn
During the Rhodesian Bush War, tensions rose between opposition parties Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU) and Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and their armies. The violence intensified after the independence of Zimbabwe in 1980 and especially in the Matabeleland region. In 1981, Prime Minister Mugabe formed elite unit Fifth Brigade in order to fight ZAPU in this area. The suppression of ZAPU supporters was called the Gukurahundi. When Mugabe became President in 1987, the two parties formed an agreement and were merged into one ruling party called ZANU PF.