Eugenics; In the Name of Progress - Part I by Brauna, Grzegorza
The biosocial movement called eugenics involves improving human hereditary traits by promoting higher reproduction of more desired people and traits, and reducing reproduction of less desired people and traits. Inspired by Charles Darwins theory in evolution, famous scientist Sir Francis Galton developed eugenics in the late 19th century. His work on eugenics was the foundation for US eugenics programmes such as the one lead by Charles Davenport in Cold Spring Harbour, mentioned in this film.
The eugenics social movement had its heydays in the early 1920s. Many countries had a policy involving the promotion and practice of eugenics which could include racial segregation, birth control, forced sterilization. Also, Hitler was known to be inspired by eugenics and the genocide inflicted by Nazi Germany has been connected to eugenics. The popularity of eugenics declined drastically after the Second World War. Nowadays, eugenics is known for its massive human rights violations, such as violations of privacy and reproductive rights, violation on the right to live and discrimination.