China on China, Sun Wind but no Water by Schulz Contreras, Lisbet & Jarnebrink, Lollo
Over the past decennia, China has become the factory of the world. The economical growth has benefited the country in many ways, improving the lives of many citizens. However, the industrialization has been disastrous for the environment and the living conditions of many others. The ground water near Bejing is sinking one meter each year and drought has become a serious problem. Also, water pollution as waste water out of the sewers flows directly into the Liangshui river. Near the idyllic West Lake in Hangzhou, families are fighting the severe air pollution by multiple factories. Is China ready for a clean future, by applying current technological developments on solar and wind energy?
The environmental issues in China discussed in the documentary have a major impact on the biophysical environment as well as human health. Especially the growing amount of motor vehicles and industries such as the coal industry due to rapid industrialization has severe consequences for China and its population. Negative effects are water pollution and water shortages, air pollution, deforestation and desertification. As a result, the Chinese government has undertaken actions, such as implementation of stricter environmental regulations and shutting down of some polluting industries. However, government actions havent been adequate enough. The environmental issues have led to growing concerns and a growing group of Chinese activists, fearing for their environment and living conditions. Promotion of clean energy technology, such as solar energy and wind power has become increasingly important. Solar power is a growing industry for power generation and water heating. Examples are the clean energy urban projects in the Solar Valley in Dezhou city. China is already the largest wind energy provider worldwide.
On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China was established but because of its political fragmentation, it was only the late 1920s that the Kuomintang, under Chiang Kai-shek, was able to reunify the country under its own control. The party made political changes in order to develop China politically into a democratic state. The ongoing political division in China stirred up the tension between the Kuomintang and the Communists, which led to the Chinese civil war. The Second Sino-Japanese War between 1937-1945 involved the Japanese occupation of China, but after the surrender of the Japanese in 1945, the civil war in China continued. In 1949, the Communist Party seized control over mainland China and chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the PeopleÃ¢Â€Â™s Republic of China. MaoÃ¢Â€Â™s reign is best known for the reform project Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. After his death in 1976, reformist leader Deng Xiaoping took power. Discontent of the Chinese population with the governmentÃ¢Â€Â™s policies climaxed in 1989 with the violent suppression of the student protests in Tiananmen Square by the Chinese government. President Jiang Zemin and Premier Zhu Rongji led the nation in the 1990s and were succeeded by Hu Jintao's and Wen Jiabao. In 2013 they were replaced by current President and Premier Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang.
Under the leadership of communist leader Mao Zedong and the PeopleÃ¢Â€Â™s Republic of China, industry and business became nationalized under state ownership and socialist reforms were implemented in all areas of society. Mao introduced the campaign Great Leap Forward, aimed to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society through industrialization and collectivization. However, the campaign led to the Great Chinese Famine. After this failed campaign, in 1966 Mao and his allies launched the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976, its stated goal was to enforce communism in the country by removing capitalist, traditional and cultural elements from society. When Deng Xiaoping took power after MaoÃ¢Â€Â™s death in 1976, he initiated the Chinese economic reforms including the introduction of capitalist market principles. The Communist Party subsequently loosened governmental control over citizens' personal lives and the communes were disbanded in favor of private land leases. This turn of events marked China's transition from a planned economy to a mixed economy with an increasingly open market environment. Subsequently, President Jiang Zemin and Premier Zhu Rongji led the nation in the 1990s. Under their administration, China sustained an average annual gross domestic product growth rate of 11.2 percent. The country formally joined the World Trade Organization in 2001, and maintained its high rate of economic growth under Hu Jintao's presidency in the 2000s.
About the Series
China on China is an eight-part documentary series dealing with politics and daily life in todays China. After centuries of Western dominance, the worldÃ¢Â€Â™s center of economic and political weight is shifting eastward. In just 30 years, China has risen from longstanding poverty to being the second largest economy in the world, faster than any other country in history. What China says and does is therefore of great importance to the entire world. The series provides a rare insight into the reinvention of this Eastern superpower.