30 Years of Darkness by Martin, Manuel
After the Spanish monarchy was overthrown in 1931, the second Spanish republic became increasingly divided between the extreme left and the extreme right. The Spanish Civil War between the Republicans and the Nationalists lasted until 1939, when finally the Nationalists prevailed. General Franco ruled Spain as a dictator until his death in 1975. The Francoists took control of Spain through comprehensive attrition warfare. This involved brutal treatment and executions of Spaniards found guilty of supporting the values promoted by the Republic such as regional autonomy, liberal or social democracy, free elections, womens rights and the practice of religions other than Catholicism. .