St Kilda, the far western end of Europe, is a Scottish island archipelago occupied by thousands of sea birds. The last native St Kildans have deserted the island in 1930 after the population dropped to 36. Ever since, the only people walking the grassy lands and admiring the cliffs are the scientists and volunteers of the National Trust for Scotland. Thanks to this film we too are able to enjoy the stunning island view, and at the same time hear the extensive history of the extraordinary human life on St Kilda.
Ever since the prehistoric, St Kilda has been the home of humans; Neolithic remains have been found on Hirta, the biggest island of the archipelago. For centuries, the islanders lived off of seabirds. They also kept sheep and cattle and growed crops. The isolated existence of the St Kildans was a striking characteristic and amazed the early visitors and tourists. In the early 20th century, the population dropped and due to numerous factors, the remaining inhabitants were forced to leave their island in 1930. St Kilda hasnt been populated since.
The St Kilda archipelago contains four islands; Hirta, Dun, Soay and Boreray. The entire St Kilda archipelago is owned by the National Trust for Scotland since 1957. That year, the area was designated a National Nature Reserve. It became one of Scotland's five World Heritage Sites in 1986 for its terrestrial natural features. Furthermore, St Kilda is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, a National Scenic Area, a Site of Special Scientific Interest, and a European Union Special Protection Area.